Also known as: Russu, Rūṣū, al-Quwārib

The gateway to Senegal

Rosso is the capital of the Trarza region and is located in the extreme south of the region. The town, which has a population of 75,000, is of particular importance as a Mauritanian-Senegalese border crossing. The ferry across the Senegal River, which connects Rosso with Rosso, runs daily from 8 a.m.-12 p.m. and 3 p.m.-6 p.m. (as of May 31, 2021). You read that right. On the Senegalese side, the border town is also called Rosso which goes back to a time when there were no borders between Mauritania and Senegal. Therefore, the official spelling is Rosso (Mauritania) and Rosso (Senegal). Because of its border location, Rosso is one of the most important economic centers in Mauritania's south. Although the most important one, Rosso is not the only crossing point into Senegal. There is also a rather seldom-used crossing in Diama, further west, which is suitable for border crossings from the Diawling National Park. Rosso itself is not a pretty town. Here, too, enormous population growth combined with inadequate urban planning is noticeable. But it is one of the very few places in Mauritania where there is a church. The place at the Senegal River is not embedded in any planned tours, however, we can basically conclude any tour with a trip to Rosso, should you wish to travel to Senegal. We can also help with the paperwork, for more info see FAQ.


  • Church of Rosso
  • Border crossing
  • Senegal River

 Tours including Rosso

Diawling National Park Tour
Explore the landscape and biodiversity from the capital to the Senegal River
2 Day(s)
9 Destinations
400 km
3 Languages
Mauritania National Parks Tour
Once the capital, twice nature conservation please
4 Day(s)
9 Destinations
900 km
3 Languages
Tagant Aoukar Tour
Between Mali Empire and Almoravids - On the traces of the history of the South
14 Day(s)
16 Destinations
2700 km
3 Languages
Adrar Tagant Aoukar Tour
More than 3000 km of desert, oases, mountains and petroglyphs
14 Day(s)
21 Destinations
3050 km
3 Languages

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) about Rosso

Should I trust shady characters in Rosso who promise to expedite the VISA process for me?
Is Rosso really "the most corrupt border in the world"?
Certainly not, but corruption is omnipresent and you would do well to take a guide who knows the language with you for the formalities.
Should I change money before crossing the border into Senegal?
This would be wise. The CFA franc is the only currency accepted in Senegal, so it is better to exchange beforehand. And again, don't let anyone talk you into anything.