Zouérat is the capital of the northern region of Tiris Zemmour and one of Mauritania's most important economic centers. This is solely due to iron ore mining, which is carried out in the vicinity of Zouérat in mines such as F'dérik and Rouessa. Before mining of raw materials, the town of 40,000 inhabitants was insignificant. Today, iron ore, which accounts for 40% of all Mauritanian exports, contributes significantly to the prosperity of the entire country. At the same time, the mines as well as the port of Nouadhibou are a magnet for migrant workers from the surrounding states. The city is divided into poorer and richer neighborhoods. Between them runs the popularly known "wall of shame" (mur de la honte). Zouérat depends on external water supply. This is ensured from the springs of Boulenoir (also: Boulenouar, Boû Lanouâr), which is located near Nouadhibou and must be transported by train. Zouérat is not a classic tourist destination. It is worth visiting the local museum though with its three halls covering prehistory, contemporary history and mine construction. However, the journey to Zouérat - both by train and by car - is elaborate, as the distance from Choum is 160 km. We have not included Zouérat in our planned tours, but can organize and realize a trip on request.