Tagant Plateau

Also known as: Taagant

The oldest cultural region in West Africa

The Tagant region is named after the Tagant Plateau, which in turn derives from the Berber term for forest. The stony plateau is located in the western Sahara in southeastern Mauritania and is besides Adrar the only one in the country. The landscape is characterized by arid desert climate. Apart from rocks and shifting sand dunes, however, there are also smaller oases to be discovered in the Tagant. The Guelta Matmata has permanent water and is home to the rare Saharan crocodiles. In addition, there are some tamourts that become lakescapes for months after the rainy season. About 85,000 people live in the Tagant region. Even though there are some people still living as nomads, the inhabitants are concentrated in a few larger towns such as Tichitt, Tidjikja and Nbeika and some villages as well. Tagant, as a cultural region, is crucial for the history of Mauritania. Historically linked by trans-Saharan trade to the Adrar region in the north and the Aoukar Depression in the southeast, numerous traces of the centuries are still visible today. Thus, it is worth visiting not only the important sites of the 17th-19th centuries, such as Tidjikja or Ksar el Barka, but also the ruins of the 11th century metropolis, Aoudaghost, which borders the region to the south. In Akreijit, numerous millennia-old relics can still be seen and Tichitt is even a World Heritage Site together with Chinguetti, Ouadane and Oualata.


  • Tagant region (landscape)
  • Rachid
  • Tidjikja
  • Guelta Matmata
  • Akreijit
  • Elephant rock
  • Ksar el Barka
  • Kamour
  • Aoudaghost

Salt und dates

Even today, salt trading exists in the region. Besides a smaller number of tourists, the enormous date cultivation around Tidjikja helps the Tagant region to relative prosperity today - certainly one of the reasons for the name of the plateau. Currently, we offer two tours to the Tagant region, which include the main attractions across nature and history. 

 Tours including Tagant Plateau

Tagant Aoukar Tour
Between Mali Empire and Almoravids - On the traces of the history of the South
14 Day(s)
16 Destinations
2700 km
3 Languages
Adrar Tagant Aoukar Tour
More than 3000 km of desert, oases, mountains and petroglyphs
14 Day(s)
21 Destinations
3050 km
3 Languages

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) about Tagant Plateau

Are there landscape and structural differences between the Adrar and Tagant regions?
Definitely. Especially in the southern foothills of the Tagant region, the landscape is much greener than in the Adrar, where there is hardly any vegetation apart from the oases (Terjit, Mhaireth, etc.). More often there are gueltas, tamourts and flowing waters. Also the rocky landscape is in parts less massive and shows smaller and bizarre forms (e.g. elephant rocks). Last but not least, the Tagant region is characterized by much more smaller towns along the road than the Adrar region, where there is nothing at all in terms of towns between Chinguetti and Ouadane, for example.
Do you also offer tours through the Tagant region that are shorter than 2 weeks?
We can always plan individual tours of different lengths together with you. There are no higher costs for the organization effort than for the already planned tours.